I've been assaulted. What do I do?
Understanding what happened to you can be unclear and overwhelming. Deciding whether or not to report an incident
can be a stressful and confusing choice. Read the information below to
understand what happened to you and what your options are.
Was I Raped?If you are trying to figure out if what happened to you or a friend was rape, consider the following questions:
Did both people have the capacity to give consent
for sexual acts?
In Arizona, the law states that someone is unable to
give consent if they
are mentally impaired including impairment caused by drugs and alcohol. The law also includes impairment caused by a
“mental disorder”, “mental defect” and “sleep”.
participants agree to take part in what happened?
law states that consent is not obtained if someone is “coerced by the immediate
use or threatened use of force” or “deceived as to the nature of the act”. This means that a threat of harm is enough,
there does not necessarily need to be a weapon involved.
survivors of sexual assault may be confused about what happened to them because
it does not match up to what they think rape is. Visit RAAIN’s website for answers to more common
questions. If you are unsure about
whether you have been raped or sexually assaulted, contact Victim Witness by
calling (928) 679-7770 or (928) 774-1414 and request that an advocate be
paged. Victim Witness can also explain
your legal rights and options in the case that you or someone you know was sexually
How to File a Report:There are three different types of reports you can file if you are a victim of sexual assault.
In an anonymous report, no names are used and all effort is made to maintain
the victim's anonymity. No information is included that might identify the
victim; a victim can choose how much information is shared.
An anonymous report can be made to a resident hall assistant or director,
Campus Health Services professional, or through the Office of Student Life. An
anonymous report can also be submitted online through the Northern Arizona
University Police Department. Based on the report, the police will
determine if the university community is in danger. If the community is in
danger, the police would notify the university’s Incident Management Team with
the information. Otherwise, the anonymous report is used to track possible
patterns or areas that could put other students and faculty in danger.
A student victim may choose to report a sexual assault through the Office of
Student Life under the Student Code of Conduct. Read more about what the process is if you choose to file an administrative report.
Criminal incident reports
A victim can choose to report as much or as little information as they wish
when they file an incident report, and decide how involved they wish to be in
prosecution. They can file a report through the:
The police department will send a reporting officer to the victim's location
and ensure that they are in a safe place before asking for basic
information about the incident. The reporting officer will then have dispatch
contact a victim/witness advocate and the victim will be escorted to the NACASA
facility. The advocate will provide support to the victim throughout the
process. A victim may wish to bring a friend along for additional support.
The victim will meet with an advocate to discuss their options and what to
expect. The advocate does not take a detailed account of what happened.
A forensic exam is voluntary and can take up to six hours. A Sexual Assault
Nurse Adviser (SANE) will ask questions about the incident and conduct a
head-to-toe exam and detailed genital exam. The victim can stop the exam at any
time. An exam can be done up to five days after an incident.
The SANE nurse will check the body for bruises, touch the body to check for
sensitive areas, comb pubic hair, and examine the area of penetration. Photos
may be taken.
The SANE nurse will offer the patient a urine pregnancy test, morning after
pill, and sexually transmitted infection (STI) preventative medication. The
victim will be referred to receive full STI testing.
The victim will be given a change of clothes and taken to the "soft
room" at NACASA, where they can speak to a detective who will then take a
detailed account of the incident.
The advocate will ensure that the victim has a safe place to go and will
follow-up and continue supporting the client throughout the investigative
If a victim talks to a counselor at Counseling Services, the information
given will remain confidential and the counseling relationship provides a safe
space for the victim to talk about the assault and how it has affected their
life. There are a few exceptions to confidentiality. If the victim is under the
age of 18 and the perpetrator is over 18, the counselor is mandated to report a
sexual assault. If the victim is seen as a potential harm to themselves or
another person, the counselor must also break confidentiality. These factors
are considered on a case-by-case basis.
If you are a victim of sexual assault, follow these steps. Your safety is the number one priority.
a safe environment — anywhere away from the perpetrator. If you are at
immediate risk, contact the police. You can give the police as much or as
little information as you wish, or request that they contact a victim/witness
advocate, who will help you understand the process and provide support. Call
the Northern Arizona University Police Department at 928-523-3611 or the
Flagstaff Police Department at 928-774-1414.
- If there
is serious physical injury, go immediately to a hospital emergency room to
- If the
victim reports the sexual assault to Flagstaff Medical Center, the nurses
and doctors there are required to notify police and make an incident
report, but the victim is not required to talk with the police unless they
choose to. The victim will be treated for injuries and taken to Northern Arizona
Center Against Sexual Assault if they wish to proceed with the
report and there is no medical reason for them to remain at the hospital.
- If there
is no serious physical injury, go to a medical center as soon as possible
to be examined for sexually transmitted infections or pregnancy. Campus
Health Services is available for all university students.
- Know that
what happened was not your fault and that you should do what is best for
you. Ask a trusted friend to stay with you for moral support.
Victim/Witness Services at(928) 679-7770 if you would like advice and
support and to clarify your options.
that healing takes time. Give yourself the time you need. If you would
like to seek assistance through counseling, contact Counseling